semget: No space left on device

This relates to semaphores on your system (you’ve run out). Run the following to clear them out:

ipcs | grep apache | awk ‘{print $2}’ > sem.txt
for i in `cat sem.txt`; do { ipcrm -s $i; }; done;

For cPanel servers :

ipcs | grep nobody | awk ‘{print $2}’ > sem.txt
for i in `cat sem.txt`; do { ipcrm -s $i; }; done;

 

Finally restart Apache :

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

Or 
service httpd restart

 

 

What is /dev/shm and its practical usage ?

What is /dev/shm and its practical usage ?

/dev/shm is nothing but implementation of traditional shared memory concept. It is an efficient means of passing data between programs. One program will create a memory portion, which other processes (if permitted) can access. This will result into speeding up things on Linux.

If you type mount command you will see /dev/shm as a tempfs file system. Therefore, it is a file system, which keeps all files in virtual memory. Everything in tmpfs is temporary in the sense that no files will be created on your hard drive. If you unmount a tmpfs instance, everything stored therein is lost. By default almost all distro configured to use /dev/shm.

Nevertheless, where can I use /dev/shm?
You can use /dev/shm to improve the performance of application software or overall Linux system performance. On heavily loaded system, it can make tons of difference. For example VMware workstation/server can be optimized to improve your Linux host’s performance (i.e. improve the performance of your virtual machines).

For example, if you have 8GB RAM then remount /dev/shm as follows:

# mount -o remount,size=8G /dev/shm

To be frank if you have more than 2GB RAM and if you running multiple Virtual machines this hack always improves performance.

Fatal error: Allowed memory size of 123456 bytes exhausted (tried to allocate 234567 bytes) in /path/file.php

Php is setup is to limit memory usage per process. If you require more, this limit can be increased.
Edit

/usr/local/lib/php.ini

If you are unsure about the php.ini path, You can find your server php.ini using command :

php -i | grep php.ini

Configuration File (php.ini) Path => /usr/local/lib

Loaded Configuration File => /usr/local/lib/php.ini

and set:

memory_limit = 8M ; Maximum amount of memory a script may consume (8MB)

to a higher value, like 20M. Save, exit, then restart apache.