OpenSSL Tricks

Create a strong CSR and private key
openssl req -new -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -out server.crt -keyout server.key

 

Parsing out the data within a certificate
openssl asn1parse -in server.crt

Checking a certificate/key modulus to see if they correspond
openssl rsa -in server.key -modulus -noout | openssl md5
openssl x509 -in server.crt -modulus -noout | openssl md5

Convert a key from PEM -> DER
openssl rsa -inform PEM -in key.pem -outform DER -out keyout.der

Convert a key from DER -> PEM
openssl rsa -inform DER -in key.der -outform PEM -out keyout.pem

Remove the password from an encrypted private key
openssl rsa -in server.key -out server-nopass.key

Reviewing a detailed SSL connection
openssl s_client -connect 192.168.1.1:443

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